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Sunday, November 1, 2020 | History

7 edition of Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates found in the catalog.

Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates

structure, evolution and function

by

  • 177 Want to read
  • 10 Currently reading

Published by Science Publishers in Enfield, NH .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Airway (Medicine),
  • Chemoreceptors

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    Statementeditors, Giacomo Zaccone ... [et al.].
    ContributionsZaccone, Giacomo.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQP123 .A34 2008
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. cm.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL23165115M
    ISBN 109781578086146
    LC Control Number2009006218
    OCLC/WorldCa310097019

    A chemoreceptor, also known as chemosensor, is a specialized sensory receptor cell which transduces (converts) a chemical substance (endogenous or induced) and generates a biological signal. This signal may be in the form of an action potential if the chemoreceptor is a neuron (nerve cell), [1] or in the form of a neurotransmitter that can activate a nearby nerve fiber if the chemosensor is a. Solitary chemosensory cells (SCCs) (also called solitary chemoreceptor cells) are isolated elements located in epithelia of the apparatuses of endodermic origin (such as respiratory and digestive apparatuses). In the aquatic vertebrates, SCCs are also present in the skin. In oral cavity, SCCs precedes the development of taste long time, SCCs were considered to be typical of aquatic. birds have intrapulmonary chemoreceptors (IPC) that monitor lung P co 2 and exert reflex effects on the pattern of breathing (9, 15, 16, 36, 37, 43, 45).These IPC have afferent axons in the vagus nerves, cell bodies in the nodose ganglia, and sensory endings in the parabronchial tissue of the lungs (9,25, 34).The action potential discharge of IPCs responds to both rapidly changing (i.e. This review explores the fundamental neuranatomical and functional bases for integration of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems in vertebrates and traces their evolution through the vertebrate groups, from primarily water-breathing fish and larval amphibians to facultative air-breathers such.


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Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates Download PDF EPUB FB2

Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates: Medicine & Health Science Books @ This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the information available on the morphological, physiological and evolutionary aspects of specialized cells distributed within the epithelia of the airways in the vertebrates.

A lot of work has been done on the cell and molecular biology o. Buy Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates (): Structure, Evolution and Function: NHBS - Edited By: Giacomo Zaccone, Ernest Cutz, Dirk Adriaensen, Colin A Nurse and A Mauceri, Science Publishers.

Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates by Giacomo Zaccone,available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. ISBN: OCLC Number: Description: xviii, pages: illustrations (some color) ; 25 cm: Contents: Neurosecretory epithelial cells (NEC's) in the airways and carotid labyrinth of aquatic vertebrates: morphology, distribution, innervation and function --Neurosecretory cells (NEC's) in the lung of amphibians and accessory respiratory organs of the air.

The evolution of airway chemoreceptors in vertebrates is reflected in the book’s layout that follows a general progression on chemoreceptor structure and function from fish to mammals. Reading the book from begining to end, one gets a sense of the diversity of airway chemoreceptors in vertebrates, as well as how natural selection has found.

Download the Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates book Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates: structure, evolution and function - Adriaensen in PDF or EPUB format and read it directly on your mobile phone, computer or any device. PDF | OnM. Hedrick published Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates--Structure, Evolution and Function.

Zaccone, E. Cutz, D. Adriaensen, C. vi | Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates The book includes 16 contributions divided into seven chapters based on the evolution from primitive to more complex species.

Accordingly, the first chapter covers NE cells in the airways and carotid labyrinth of aquatic vertebrates. In book: Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates: Structure, evolution and function (pp) Edition: 1; Chapter: 7.

Chemoreceptive control of ventilation in amphibians and air-breathing fishes. Books Division. Chicago Distribution Center. SUBSCRIBE. LOG IN SEARCH. Search in: Advanced The Quarterly Review of Biology. Vol Number 2 | June Dr.

Cutz lives in Oakville, Ontario, with his wife. He has previously authored Cellular and Molecular Biology of Airway Chemo-Receptors () and was a contributing editor for Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates: Structure, Evolution and Function ().

Among the vertebrates, peripheral chemoreceptors have evolved to play a key role in matching oxygen delivery to the metabolic needs of the body cells and tissues. Specialized neuroepithelial cells (NECs) distributed within the gill filaments and/or lamellae of water-breathers appear to subserve this function by initiating an increase in.

1. Introduction. Respiratory chemoreceptors, including O 2- CO 2- and pH-sensitive carotid bodies, and CO 2-sensitive central and airway chemoreceptors, provide critical sensory feedback for ventilatory control and metabolic homeostasis in endothermic birth, the conversion from placental or chorioallantoic gas exchange to pulmonary gas exchange makes rapid.

All air-breathing vertebrates also appear to possess upper airway chemoreceptors in the nasal epithelium whose discharge is stimulated by CO 2 and continuous (but not phasic) hypercarbia acts on these receptors to dramatically inhibit breathing frequency with little effect on tidal volume (Fig.

3; Table 1) (Coates and Ballam,Coates and. This book describes in general how the chemosensory systems of fish function at various levels.

In many ways, fish are typical vertebrates differing only slightly from other vertebrates including humans. In other ways, their aquatic environment imposes strict requirements or offers unique. Purchase Respiration - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNReference: In Structure, Evolution and Function of the Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates.

Editors: Zaccone G, Cultz E, Adriaenssen D, Nurse C, Maucer A. Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume ) Log in to check access.

Buy eBook. USD Instant download Chemosensitivity from the Lungs of Vertebrates. Peter Scheid, Hashim Shams. Pages Hypoxia-Sensitive Airway Chemoreceptors. Charlotte Youngson, Colin Nurse, Herman Yeger, Ernest Cutz. Get this from a library. Arterial chemoreceptors: cell to system.

[R G O'Regan;] -- The International Society for Arterial Chemoreception (ISAC) was founded in August during the 9th International Symposium on Arterial Chemoreception which was held at Park City, Utah, USA. ISAC. Respiratory chemoreceptors are neurons that detect PCO 2, PO 2, and/or pH in body fluids and provide sensory feedback for the control of play a critical role in coupling pulmonary ventilation to metabolic demand in endothermic vertebrates.

Chemoreceptors of many aquatic invertebrates are located in pits or depressions. In arthropods, the chemoreceptors called sensilla are usually on the antennae, mouthparts, and legs. Invertebrates with their specific chemoreceptors can detect humidity, access pH.

Respiratory chemoreceptors are neurons that detect PCO(2), PO(2), and/or pH in body fluids and provide sensory feedback for the control of breathing. They play a critical role in coupling pulmonary ventilation to metabolic demand in endothermic vertebrates. The book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the information available on the morphological, physiological and evolutionary aspects of.

Vertebrate olfactory and gustatory receptors are necessarily exposed to the fluid which contains their relevant chemosensory environment. In terrestrial mammals, the nasal airways serve as protective accessory tissues for the olfactory receptors, but tastes receptors in all vertebrates and olfactory receptors in fish are directly exposed to the liquids which bring chemosensory stimuli to them.

Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates; structure, evolution and function. Reproductive biology and phylogeny of fishes (agnathans and bony fishes).

Publications by Name. Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates Structure, Evolution and Function ISBNAn Introduction to Fish Migration ISBNDecember Atlas of Fish Histology ISBNAquaculture Microbiology and Biotechnology; Volume 1 ISBN A chemoreceptor, also known as chemosensor, is a specialized sensory receptor cell which transduces a chemical substance (endogenous or induced) to generate a biological signal.

This signal may be in the form of an action potential, if the chemoreceptor is a neuron, or in the form of a neurotransmitter that can activate a nerve fiber if the chemoreceptor is a specialized cell, such as taste.

The book can also serve as a reference to veterinary and medical students as well as scientists who wish to know the different muscles of vertebrates and their origin. 1 General Introduction to Vertebrate Muscular System Vertebrates are quite diverse and, together with arthropods, are the most conspicuous animals on land, water and air.

Peripheral chemoreceptors are located in carotid and aortic arteries. They are stimulated by changes in PO2, pH, and PCO2. Alongside baroceptors these chemoreceptors cause a reflex increase in ventilation. These receptors consist of Glomulus cells. Central Chemoreceptors are located in the brain and are stimulated by changes in CO2 levels.

Peripheral arterial chemoreceptors show anatomical and functional similarities and differences among vertebrate groups. Fishes have widely distributed neuroepithelial cells containing serotonin in all gill arches and extrabranchial sites, while mammals have clustered glomus cells in the carotid bifurcation and aortic arch that contain a number of neurotransmitters.

However, we do not know how. Diptera diversity; status, challenges, and tools. by Thomas Pape et al. BRILL pages $ Hardcover QL Human respiratory system - Human respiratory system - The trachea and the stem bronchi: Below the larynx lies the trachea, a tube about 10 to 12 cm ( to inches) long and 2 cm ( inch) wide.

Its wall is stiffened by 16 to 20 characteristic horseshoe-shaped, incomplete cartilage rings that open toward the back and are embedded in a dense connective tissue. A comparative meta-analysis of maximal aerobic metabolism of vertebrates: Implications for respiratory and cardiovascular limits to gas exchange.

Journal of Comparative Physiology B. Book Chapters. Hedrick, M.S. and Katz, S.L. Control of breathing in primitive fishes. In: Phylogeny, Anatomy and Physiology of Ancient Fishes. Location and innervation of O 2 chemoreceptors.

The precise anatomical location and identification of O 2-sensitive chemoreceptors in fish is not completely certain but evolutionary inferences as well as anatomical and physiological evidence strongly suggest the gills as the major carotid and aortic arches, where O 2 chemoreceptors are located in mammals, are believed to be derived.

Airway suctioning and bronchoscopy can cause what. Severe bronchoconstriction, coughing, and laryngospasm. What is the main trigger of chemoreceptors. H+ (indirectly CO2).

Where are the central chemoreceptors located. Bilaterally in the medulla. Are the central chemoreceptors in direct contact with arterial blood. Lungfish and land vertebrates have similar regulatory systems that point to a very ancient origin of the control of pulmonary function (Amin-Naves et al.

), but most of the information on the chemoreceptors and neurons involved stems from mammals, although there has been much recent progress with lissamphibians.

In the tradition of. A Gopesh, Carotid Labyrinth and Associated Pseudobranchial Neurosecretory Cells in Indian Catfishes, Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates, /b, (), (). Crossref Thorsten Schwerte, Cardio-respiratory control during early development in the model animal zebrafish, Acta Histochemica, /,3, ( Book of bones () Carrion ecology, evolution, and their applications () Comparative physiology of the vertebrate kidney () Atlas des vertébrés () Vertebrate Myogenesis Airway chemoreceptors in the vertebrates () The skeletal system ().

Pulmonary neuroepithelial bodies (NEB) in mammalian lungs are thought to function as airway O 2 sensors that release serotonin (5-HT) in response to hypoxia. Direct evidence that NEB cells also respond to airway hypercapnia/acidosis (CO 2 /H +) is presently tested the effects of CO 2 /H + alone or in combination with hypoxia on 5-HT release from intact NEB cells in a neonatal.

- Peripheral chemoreceptors (carotid body & aortic body) - responsive to both PO2 and PCO2/pH (but plasma PO2 must be very low before triggered) Chapter - .Classes.

There are two main classes of the chemosensor: direct and distance. [citation needed]Examples of distance chemoreceptors are. olfactory receptor neurons in the olfactory system: Olfaction involves the ability to detect chemicals in the gaseous vertebrates, the olfactory system detects odorants and pheromones in the nasal cavity.For example, the relative roles of peripheral and central chemoreceptors are present both in the lungfish and in land vertebrates.

In both groups, the central CO 2 /pH receptors dominate the ventilatory response to hypercarbia (60–80%), while the peripheral CO 2 /pH receptors account for 20–30%.